学術認証フェデレーション 学認 GakuNin
 
japanese page
 

About GakuNin


Development of the Academic Access Management Federation in Japan (GakuNin)


With the cooperation of universities etc. throughout Japan, full-scale development and management of the Academic Access Management Federation in Japan (nickname: GakuNin) started in 2009.
 

About the Academic Access Management Federation in Japan


The Academic Access Management Federation in Japan is a federation consisting of universities, who are users of academic e-resources, and organizations like publishers, who are providers of such e-resources. By mutually trusting rules/policy stipulated by the Federation, organizations will be able to utilize federated access between each other.

Once the federated authentication is put into place, it will enable on-campus Single Sign-On (the mechanism where a single ID and password permit a user to access all systems). It will also create an environment where a user can access other university and commercial services using a single password and without the need to re-enter the ID or password. For example, a user can use another university’s wireless LAN with the home university’s ID and password, and seamlessly access e-journals that the home university subscribes to. 



Figure: Structure of GakuNin

The technology we use is Shibboleth (Note 1), which was developed by Internet 2 (USA). Shibboleth has been used in many other countries; however, there is a wide range of technical and operational aspects that have to be decided upon, such as support for Japanese language, construction of a governing structure, and establishing associated rules. In particular, there are many aspects that have to be developed specifically for Japan, such as complying with Japanese Personal Information Protection laws.

In order to materialize these aspects, we conducted a feasibility study in 2008, implemented a pilot operation in 2009, and, based on the associated results, started production operation in 2010. As we shifted to the full-scale operation, we established a GakuNin Taskforce so that GakuNin could be developed into a federation supported by its users. We called for staff members of Information Technology Centers or libraries, who had shown an understanding and offered to help the Federation’s activities, to join the taskforce and provide feedback on various aspects of GakuNin activities from the user’s viewpoint.


Figure: Road map to GakuNin 

 
shibboleth

(Note1) about Shibboleth

Shibboleth is a project started by EDUCAUSE/Internet 2 (USA) in 2000. It draws up technical standards for authentication and authorization by utilizing standards such as SAML or eduPerson, and provides these as open-source.

 
In countries other than Japan, the following federations are already in use in production environments. 
Furthermore, experiments in cross-border cooperation among the federations have started, and GakuNin will push forward this inter-federation experiment.


 AU: Australia 絵文字:別ウィンドウAustralian Access Federation AAF
 CA: Canada 絵文字:別ウィンドウCanadian Access Federation CAF
 CH: Switzerland 絵文字:別ウィンドウSWITCHaai
 DE: Germany 絵文字:別ウィンドウDFN-AAI
 DK: Denmark 絵文字:別ウィンドウWAYF
 ES: Spain 絵文字:別ウィンドウSIR
 FI: Finland 絵文字:別ウィンドウHaka
 FR: France 絵文字:別ウィンドウFédération Éducation-Recherche
 GR: Greece 絵文字:別ウィンドウGRNET
 HR: Croatia 絵文字:別ウィンドウAAI@EduHr
 IT: Italy 絵文字:別ウィンドウIDEM
 NL: Holland 絵文字:別ウィンドウSURFnet
 NO: Norway 絵文字:別ウィンドウFEIDE
 PT: Portugal 絵文字:別ウィンドウRCTSaai
 SE: Sweden 絵文字:別ウィンドウSWAMID
 UK: the United Kingdom 絵文字:別ウィンドウUK Access Management Federation for Education and Research
 US: the United States of America 絵文字:別ウィンドウInCommon
 int 絵文字:別ウィンドウIGTF